Roseland is a borough in western Essex County, New Jersey, United States. Roseland was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1908, from portions of Livingston Township. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Roseland as its 14th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the “Best Places To Live” in New Jersey.
Originally named Centerville, the name of the community was changed in 1874 to Roseland to avoid confusion with the several other Centervilles spread across the state, most specifically Centerville, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, which already had a post office under that name. Roseland was chosen over the alternative proposed name of “Roselyn”. One of the most notable places of interest in the borough was the Becker Farm Railroad, otherwise known as the Centerville & Southwestern Railroad. Located on the Becker Farm (on what is now a large business complex, which comprises more than half of the total area within Roseland), a miniature railroad operated from 1938 until 1972. Some vestiges of the railroad still exist.
The Roseland School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through sixth grade at Lester C. Noecker Elementary School. Students in public school for seventh through twelfth grades attend the West Essex Regional School District, a regional school district serving students from four municipalities in western Essex County. Communities served by the district’s schools are Essex Fells, Fairfield, North Caldwell and Roseland.